The concept of prayer came into the religion of Islam soon after the call to prophethood of Muhammad (pbuh) in 610 AD and by the time of his death in 632 AD, it was established as an obligatory ritual with all its liturgical details. The process of the inception of this significant pillar of Islam within these 22 years has not yet been presented in a chronological order and this work is an effort towards such an order. The research was based on information obtained from the three main sources, i.e., (i) the Quran, which is the holy book and the principal source of guideline for a Muslim, (ii) Hadith or the sayings, reported actions and anecdotes relating the words and deeds of Prophet Muhammad, and (iii) the sira (biography) of the Prophet. Most of the earliest biographies, dating back to the second century AH, have now been translated to English and the interpretation of the Quran as well as several versions of the chronology of revelation of its verses are available. The word prayer (salat) is mentioned in the very first revealed surah (chapter) of the Quran. These two sources provided the data to establish a sequential development of prayer in the pre-Hijra period of Islam, i.e., during the life of the Prophet before his migration from the city of Makka to Madina in 622 AD. The Sahih (authentic) Hadith, whose compilation began about 150 years after the Prophets death, include a large number of his traditions on prayer, especially in the post-Hijra Madina. While the core aspects of a Muslim’s prayer, i.e., the basic manner of performance and its orientation towards a Qibla, were established in Makka, the final shape of the canonical prayer including the details of all the different prayers were finalised in Madina.
The Inception of ‘Prayer’ in Islam – A Chronological Study by M Anwarul Islam
|Title:||The Inception of ‘Prayer’ in Islam – A Chronological Study|
|Author:||M Anwarul Islam|
|Publisher:||The University Press Limited (UPL)|
|ISBN:||984 70220 0030 1|
|Edition:||N/A (First Published: 2009)|
|No of Pages:||98|
|Category:||Religion and Ethics|
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